|The first in a series of articles detailing the history of the Public Houses in the village of Barwick. After the Church and Chapel the pub has historically always been at the centre of village life. The pubs remaining in the village would be as well known to a Victorian Barwicker as they are to a modern one, something probably unique for a commercial operation. Each of the pubs has a fascinating story to tell.|
|“All that messuage or tenement used as a Beerhouse known by the name of the "William the fourth" with the yard, stable, outbuildings and conveniences behind adjoining or belonging thereto situate in Barwick in Elmet in the occupation of John Pullan and fronting the Highway leading from Leeds to Aberford which said messuage was erected by James Scriven and Hannah his wife and the site thereof together with certain buildings standing thereon and the said yard, stable, outbuildings and conveniences.......And also all the ground and soil on the road on the east side of the said Beerhouse of the width of fourteen feet at the narrowest point as then staked and set out leading into the yard behind the Beerhouse, cottage and premises all which said premises are bounded ….. by the Church yard of the Parish Church of Barwick and partly by property then or late of Mrs Landon….and are part of an estate at Barwick formerly of William Clarkson deceased to which the said Hannah Scriven was admitted as his Heiress at Law, and at a Court held for the Manor on the 20th April 1825”.|
|“I give and devise all that my copyhold Public House situate in Barwick in Elmet together with the yard thereto the shop in such yard and half of the orchard unto and to the use of my niece Harriet Lawn the widow of Thomas Lawn... I give and bequeath the copyhold house in which I live together with the thatched house adjoining and the remaining half of the said orchard to my niece Elizabeth Perkin the wife of Richard Perkin.”|
|“Aberford Rd, Barwick, William IV Beerhouse & Garden, 1335 sq yd, Value £850,
Occupier Henry Robshaw, Owner Ann Stoker the Exr of David Stoker decd,
Copyhold, Yearly tenancy rent £20.
Smoke Room, Tap Room, Small Cellar, Kitchen + Bar. Old fair repair.
Coal place, urinal + privy in yard. Pig place, washhouse, 5 stall stable + garden behind.
Considerable improvements + repairs have been carried out…. + whole in good repair.”
The spelling of the name of the Inn is written in numerous ways in the original sources between the 1850s and 1920s including : William IV, William the Fourth, and William 4th. As we have no photographic evidence to show how it should be written the name William IV has been used except where a primary source is quoted showing a different spelling of ‘IV’.
Barwick in Elmet and Scholes Manorial Records
1841-1901 Census Returns
The Skyrack Courier
The Yorkshire Evening News
The Yorkshire Post
1909 Valuation Office Records
Paul Jennings – ‘The Local, A History of the English Pub’
Memorial Inscriptions on Gravestones in Jubliee Gardens, Barwick-in-Elmet
All Saints Church, Barwick-in-Elmet, Parish Registers
Leeds Registry Office – Deaths Registered in Aberford/Bramham Sub-districts
Skyrack Petty Sessions – Registers of Alehouse Licenses
West Riding Quarter Sessions – Licensing Act 1904
Compensation Committee Ledger No 1